HSK 5 – Nouns 151 to 180

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151 光荣/guāngróng
Honor
Tā yīngyǒng de xíngwéi dài gěile tā guāngróng.
他英勇的行为带给了他光荣。
His acts of courage brought him glory.

 

152 广场/guǎngchǎng
Plaza/Square
Guǎngchǎng bèi xiānmíng de dēnghuǒ zhào liàng.
广场被鲜明的灯火照亮。
The square was illuminated by bright lights.

 

153 规矩/guīju
Rules/Rules of Good Behavior(Manners)
Zhège háizi méi guīju.
这个孩子没规矩。
This child has no manner.

 

154 规律/guīlǜ
Regular/Regularity
Yǒuxiē zhīshi jiùshì zài shúxī zhōng fāxiàn yīdìng de guīlǜ de.
有些知识就是在熟悉中发现一定的规律的。
Some knowledge is found in the familiar with a certain degree of regularity.

 

155 规模/guīmó
Scale / Scope
Nàge gōngsī de guīmó hěn dà.
那个公司的规模很大。
The scale of that company is very extensive.

 

156 规则/guīzé
Rule
Nǐ bìxū zūnshǒu guīzé.
你必须遵守规则。
You have to follow the rules.

 

157 柜台/guìtái
Counter
Jiézhàng guìtái zài nǎlǐ?
结帐柜台在哪里?
Where’s the checkout counter?

 

158 锅/guō
Pan/Pot
Bǎ húluóbo qiē suì hòu zài fàng jìn guō nèi.
把胡萝卜切碎后再放进锅内。
Cut up the carrot before you put them into the pan.

 

159 国籍/guójí
Nationality
Zhè jiā gōngsī bù fēn zhǒngzú, zōngjiào huò guójí gùyòng rén.
这家公司不分种族、宗教或国籍雇用人。
That company hires people without regard to race, religion, or nationality.

 

160 国庆节/guóqìngjié
National Day
Jīnnián guóqìng jié gānghǎo shì xīngqīliù.
今年国庆节刚好是星期六。
National Day falls on a Saturday this year.

 

161 果实/ɡuǒshí
Fruit
Guǒshí huì luò zài shù ɡàn bù yuǎn chù.
果实会落在树干不远处。
The fruit falls not far from the stem.  

 

162 海关/hǎiguān
Customs (Border crossing inspections)
Wǒ zài jīchǎng bèi hǎiguān rényuán sōuchá.
我在机场被海关人员搜查。
I was searched by the customs officers at the airport.

 

163 海鲜/hǎixiān
seafood
Rúguǒ nǐ xǐhuān chī hǎixiān dehuà, nǐ jiù lái duì dìfāngle!
如果你喜欢吃海鲜的话,你就来对地方了!
If you like seafood, you’ve come to the right place!

 

164 航行/hángxíng
sailing
Tā xǐhuān hángxíng.
他喜欢航行。
He likes sailing.

 

165 和平/hépíng
peace
Wǒmen kěwàng hépíng.
我们渴望和平。
We are anxious for peace.

 

166 合同/hétóng
contract
Wǒ hé zhè jiā gōngsī qiānle sān nián hétóng.
我和这家公司签了三年合同。
This company and I have signed a contract of three years.

 

167 核心/héxīn
core
Zhège gàiniàn shì tā de lǐlùn de héxīn.
这个概念是她的理论的核心。
This concept is at the very core of her theory.

 

168 后果/hòuguǒ
consequence
Tā bùgù yīqiè hòuguǒ, juéxīn zhèyàng zuò.
她不顾一切后果,决心这样做。
She is determined to do regardless of all consequences.

 

169 壶/hú
pot
Wǒmen qīle yī hú hǎo chá.
我们沏了一壶好茶。
We brewed up a nice pot of tea.

 

170 蝴蝶/húdié
butterfly
Zhè zhǒng zhǒnglèi de húdié yǐjīng juézhǒngle.
这种种类的蝴蝶已经绝种了。
This species of butterfly has already gone extinct.

 

171 胡同/hútòng
Alleyway/Traditional Alleyway in Beijing
Zài běi jīng de lǎo hú tòng lǐ yī xiǎo hái zài wán zhe zúqiú。
在北京的老胡同里一小孩在玩着足球。
A young Chinese boy is playing in a Hutong.

 

172 胡须/húxū
beard
Tā guā húxū shí guā pòle liǎn.
他刮胡须时刮破了脸。
He cut his face shaving.

 

173 花生/huāshēng
peanut
Wǒ xǐhuān chī fēngmì kǎo huāshēng.
我喜欢吃蜂蜜烤花生。
I love to eat honey roasted peanuts.

 

174 滑冰/huábīng
ice-skating
Nǐ huì huábīng ma?
你会滑冰吗?
Can you skate?

 

175 话题/huàtí
Topic/Conversation Topic
Shí Fēnzhōng hòu, tāmen huànle gè xīn huàtí.
十分钟后,他们换了个新话题。
After ten minutes, they passed on to a new topic.

 

176 化学/huàxué
chemistry
Wǒ zài dàxué zhǔ xiū huàxué.
我在大学主修化学。
I majored in chemistry at the university.

 

177 幻想/huànxiǎng
delusion/fantasy
Nǐ tí shēng de xī wàng zhǐ bú guò shì yī zhǒng huàn xiǎng 。
你提升的希望只不过是一种幻想。
Your hopes of promotion are a mere delusion.

 

178 皇帝/huángdì
emperor
Tā shì táng cháo de zuìhòu yīgè huángdì.
他是唐朝的最后一个皇帝。
He was the last emperor of the Tang Dynasty.

 

179 黄瓜/huángguā
cucumber
Zài wǒmen de càiyuán lǐ, wǒmen zhòngle qiézi, huángguā hé tǔdòu.
在我们的菜园里,我们种了茄子,黄瓜和土豆。
In our garden we have eggplants, cucumber and potato.

 

180 皇后/huánghòu
queen
Huánghòu de hòu guān shì yòng huángjīn zhù chéng de.
皇后的后冠是用黄金铸成的。
The Queen’s crown was made of gold.

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